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The International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP) is a biennial congress which brings together people from various backgrounds in the Asia-Pacific region to meet and share knowledge, skills, ideas, and research findings related to HIV.

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The Asia and the Pacific region is home to nearly 3.7 billion people, which amounts to about  60 percent of the world's total population. While the region has made significant progress in reducing hunger and extreme deprivation;  in expanding access to basic services, health and education; and in promoting economic growth and food security; the region is still characterized by gross disparities and stark contrasts. This document provides a brief on UNFPA's regional programme for Asia and the Pacific, including country profiles, and indicators on population and reproductive health.

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About 188,000 women in South Asia die each year due to pregnancy-related complications, accounting for more than 50 percent of Asia’s maternal deaths in 2005. All of these deaths are avoidable. To achieve MDG 5 by 2015, improving health care for women and providing universal access to reproductive health (RH) services must be prioritized.

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This report focuses on the rapid demographic change that has taken place in Thailand during the last three to four decades, leading to the country becoming the most 'aged' in South East Asia – next only to Singapore. This is explained by the significant declines in fertility (from 6.4 to 1.8) and improvements in longevity (from 52 to 71 years) during the second half of the 20th century.

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The Greater Mekong Sub-Region is one of the fastest growing economic sub-regions in the world and is expected to emerge as an important economic hub in Asia. But many of Mekong's population remain poor.

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World population is ageing fast. The number of people aged 60 years and over is projected to double in the next four decades. In Asia, the proportion of older population is expected to increase sharply in the first half of the century. This report presents the findings of a research on social pensions in four Asian countries: Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

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Having adequate level of political commitment to reproductive health commodity security (RHCS) is key to improving national capacity to estimate current and future reproductive health commodity requirement, procure these supplies, and track and manage inventories by establishing efficient logistics management systems. This publication presents ten advocacy briefs that are intended to serve as prototypes or templates for country level advocacy.

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UNFPA country offices in Asia and the Pacific region and faith-based organizations came together for a two-day consultation to assess the impact of their partnership in the areas of maternal health, gender equality, migration and youth welfare. Together with faith-based organizations, the consultation presented a unique opportunity to reflect on the progress towards achieving critical Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets. This report documents the experiences and lessons learned from various initiatives of faith-based organizations in the region in addressing these issues.

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Equity in access to health services is an issue in many countries in Asia-Pacific. There is a large disparity in access between the rich and the poor, and urban and rural areas. Marginalized groups, including migrants and ethnic minorities, are also underserved.

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Prevention of gender-based violence (GBV) is a priority area for achieving gender equality, and reproductive health and rights. Domestic violence, sexual violence, human trafficking and sex selective abortions are some of the forms of gender-based violence found in the East and South-East Asia region.

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