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China completed its demographic transition from high fertility/mortality to low fertility/mortality during the last three decades of the 20th century. As a result, it is now faced with a rapidly increasing proportion of older persons. This publication describes population ageing in the world’s most populous country and identifies several important emerging socio-economic challenges that the government is facing. It documents initiatives that the government has taken and provides recommendations needed to address the issue of population ageing.

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With the proportion of older persons now increasing rapidly, Indonesia is becoming increasingly aware of the need to address the socio-economic consequences of this demographic change. This publication analyzes the emerging situation of population ageing, and identifies its impact to poverty, economy, health care services and living standards. It also highlights the positive role played by older persons in the society, particularly during the Aceh tsunami and Jogjakarta earthquake.

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Migration of young people from rural areas is an inexorable component of the socio-economic change taking place throughout the developing world. How this migration affects the well-being of older age parents who remain behind is a matter of considerable debate.
 

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Through the EU/UNFPA Reproductive Health Initiative for Youth in Asia (RHIYA), the European Commission and UNFPA have partnered with seven national governments and civil society organizations to respond to the significant challenge of addressing the rights of young people to education and sexual and reproductive health (SRH). RHIYA has pioneered unique approaches and deployed a range of innovative activities to create opportunities for young people to protect their SRH, so that they may meet their full potential.

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This publication analyzes the situation of population ageing in the East and South-East Asia regions. It describes the current situation of population ageing in both regions and discusses the socio-economic implications of changing demographic trends in the next five decades. The report also discusses the role that UNFPA has played and reviews the policies that countries have undertaken to address the issue.

Full review

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