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This report focuses on the rapid demographic change that has taken place in Thailand during the last three to four decades, leading to the country becoming the most 'aged' in South East Asia – next only to Singapore. This is explained by the significant declines in fertility (from 6.4 to 1.8) and improvements in longevity (from 52 to 71 years) during the second half of the 20th century.
Thailand is fully aware of these consequences and has formulated policy measures to address them. However, given the speed of population ageing,  more  policies and programmes are needed to be done in the years ahead.