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The Greater Mekong Sub-Region is one of the fastest growing economic sub-regions in the world and is expected to emerge as an important economic hub in Asia. But many of Mekong's population remain poor.

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World population is ageing fast. The number of people aged 60 years and over is projected to double in the next four decades. In Asia, the proportion of older population is expected to increase sharply in the first half of the century. This report presents the findings of a research on social pensions in four Asian countries: Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

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This report focuses on the rapid demographic change that has taken place in Thailand during the last three to four decades, leading to the country becoming the most 'aged' in South East Asia – next only to Singapore. This is explained by the significant declines in fertility (from 6.4 to 1.8) and improvements in longevity (from 52 to 71 years) during the second half of the 20th century.

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UNFPA country offices in Asia and the Pacific region and faith-based organizations came together for a two-day consultation to assess the impact of their partnership in the areas of maternal health, gender equality, migration and youth welfare. Together with faith-based organizations, the consultation presented a unique opportunity to reflect on the progress towards achieving critical Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets. This report documents the experiences and lessons learned from various initiatives of faith-based organizations in the region in addressing these issues.

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Prevention of gender-based violence (GBV) is a priority area for achieving gender equality, and reproductive health and rights. Domestic violence, sexual violence, human trafficking and sex selective abortions are some of the forms of gender-based violence found in the East and South-East Asia region.

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China completed its demographic transition from high fertility/mortality to low fertility/mortality during the last three decades of the 20th century. As a result, it is now faced with a rapidly increasing proportion of older persons. This publication describes population ageing in the world’s most populous country and identifies several important emerging socio-economic challenges that the government is facing. It documents initiatives that the government has taken and provides recommendations needed to address the issue of population ageing.

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Migration of young people from rural areas is an inexorable component of the socio-economic change taking place throughout the developing world. How this migration affects the well-being of older age parents who remain behind is a matter of considerable debate.
 

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Through the EU/UNFPA Reproductive Health Initiative for Youth in Asia (RHIYA), the European Commission and UNFPA have partnered with seven national governments and civil society organizations to respond to the significant challenge of addressing the rights of young people to education and sexual and reproductive health (SRH). RHIYA has pioneered unique approaches and deployed a range of innovative activities to create opportunities for young people to protect their SRH, so that they may meet their full potential.

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With the proportion of older persons now increasing rapidly, Indonesia is becoming increasingly aware of the need to address the socio-economic consequences of this demographic change. This publication analyzes the emerging situation of population ageing, and identifies its impact to poverty, economy, health care services and living standards. It also highlights the positive role played by older persons in the society, particularly during the Aceh tsunami and Jogjakarta earthquake.

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Equity in access to health services is an issue in many countries in Asia-Pacific. There is a large disparity in access between the rich and the poor, and urban and rural areas. Marginalized groups, including migrants and ethnic minorities, are also underserved.

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