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Cover of Solomon Islands Family Health and Safety Study

This report of the Solomon Islands Family Health and Safety Study analyzes data from the first nationally representative research on violence against women and children in the Solomon Islands.

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There are approximately 450 million young people in the Asia-Pacific region, with only few of them able to receive reproductive health services. This leaves them potentially vulnerable to coercion, abuse and exploitation, unintended pregnancies, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Denying young people of reproductive health services and education is a violation of young people’s human rights.

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The International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP) is a biennial congress which brings together people from various backgrounds in the Asia-Pacific region to meet and share knowledge, skills, ideas, and research findings related to HIV.

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The 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights (APCRSHR) gathered nearly 1,000 participants from around the world to look at the progress and the ongoing challenges in family planning, maternal health, AIDS prevention and women’s empowerment.  APCRSHR participants agreed to Beijing's Call to Action which outlines the priorities that must be addressed to achieve the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) by 2015.

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Fifteen years ago, the world came together at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo, and agreed by consensus on a 20-year Programme of Action that integrated a comprehensive range of population, development and human rights issues – necessary for ensuring that each person lives a healthy and dignified life.

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Based on the inputs from a regional review organized by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in March 2009, this report reviews the progress achieved after 15 years of implementing the Programme of Action agreed at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).

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During the 1950s and 1960s, most less developed countries were characterized by high fertility levels. Recognizing this, governments undertook sustained measures to promote family planning and provide better access to quality health services. As a result, fertility levels declined while life expectancy improved.

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The Asia and the Pacific region is home to nearly 3.7 billion people, which amounts to about  60 percent of the world's total population. While the region has made significant progress in reducing hunger and extreme deprivation;  in expanding access to basic services, health and education; and in promoting economic growth and food security; the region is still characterized by gross disparities and stark contrasts. This document provides a brief on UNFPA's regional programme for Asia and the Pacific, including country profiles, and indicators on population and reproductive health.

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About 188,000 women in South Asia die each year due to pregnancy-related complications, accounting for more than 50 percent of Asia’s maternal deaths in 2005. All of these deaths are avoidable. To achieve MDG 5 by 2015, improving health care for women and providing universal access to reproductive health (RH) services must be prioritized.

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This report focuses on the rapid demographic change that has taken place in Thailand during the last three to four decades, leading to the country becoming the most 'aged' in South East Asia – next only to Singapore. This is explained by the significant declines in fertility (from 6.4 to 1.8) and improvements in longevity (from 52 to 71 years) during the second half of the 20th century.

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