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With the proportion of older persons now increasing rapidly, Indonesia is becoming increasingly aware of the need to address the socio-economic consequences of this demographic change. This publication analyzes the emerging situation of population ageing, and identifies its impact to poverty, economy, health care services and living standards. It also highlights the positive role played by older persons in the society, particularly during the Aceh tsunami and Jogjakarta earthquake.

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Equity in access to health services is an issue in many countries in Asia-Pacific. There is a large disparity in access between the rich and the poor, and urban and rural areas. Marginalized groups, including migrants and ethnic minorities, are also underserved.

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Prevention of gender-based violence (GBV) is a priority area for achieving gender equality, and reproductive health and rights. Domestic violence, sexual violence, human trafficking and sex selective abortions are some of the forms of gender-based violence found in the East and South-East Asia region.

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China completed its demographic transition from high fertility/mortality to low fertility/mortality during the last three decades of the 20th century. As a result, it is now faced with a rapidly increasing proportion of older persons. This publication describes population ageing in the world’s most populous country and identifies several important emerging socio-economic challenges that the government is facing. It documents initiatives that the government has taken and provides recommendations needed to address the issue of population ageing.

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This publication analyzes the situation of population ageing in the East and South-East Asia regions. It describes the current situation of population ageing in both regions and discusses the socio-economic implications of changing demographic trends in the next five decades. The report also discusses the role that UNFPA has played and reviews the policies that countries have undertaken to address the issue.

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